wood-pellets-indonesia-2022 (1)

2022 VERSION INDONESIA REPORT : Wood Pellets Production and Wood Pellet Indonesia

Ntoo pellets (Ntoo Pellet, WP) roj (BB) prima donna tam sim no tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv ib lub teb chaws uas muaj 4 lub caij ua ib qho kev hloov roj rau cov thee (hauv ib feem / nkaus) nyob rau hauv lub thee hluav taws xob hluav taws xob PLANT, cua tshuab ziab khaub ncaws, biomass qhov cub, thiab ziab ntawm cov kev pabcuam ntxhua khaub ncaws. Lub caij no, kev lag luam ntawm WP hauv lub teb chaws yog tswj hwm nrog cov qauv ntawm lub pob nrog lub qhov cub lossis lub qhov cub rau siv hauv tsev (hloov LPG), cov nroj tsuag-cov zaub mov ua cov nroj tsuag xws li nqaij qaib, taum paj, tug Jogja, tsev noj mov / khw muag khoom noj, cub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws / luam yeeb / pob kws / ntses, cov neeg ua lag luam kib zaub mov, lwm. Herer we offer the wood pellet indonesia report for customers who need this, read more for your pellet making business.

Qhov kev thov siab rau WP hauv LN tshwm sim los ntawm cov chaw xa khoom ntawm cov teb chaws (South Kauslim, Nyiv, Tuam Tshoj, thiab Is Nrias teb) maj mam hloov mus rau WP yog qhov zoo, ib puag ncig tus phooj ywg, thiab tauj dua tshiab (pov thawj los ntawm kev thov ntawm ntoo pellets nyob rau hauv lub thoob ntiaj teb kev ua lag luam yog nce sai heev). Ntawm qhov tod tes, Tuam Tshoj tseem maj mam pib txwv kev siv cov thee (calorie tsawg) rau nws cov pej xeem (vim muaj kuab paug thiab emissions ntawm ib tug sulfur siab). Australia thiab U.S. kom txo qis kev siv thee. Indonesia tseem maj mam hloov kev siv cov thee nrog ntoo pellets. (ISO 8021:2014).

Cov nqi hluav taws xob nce vim qhov nruj ntawm xyoo ntau lawm 2016, ua rau Coal Reference Price (HBA) ntawm Indonesia hauv kev lag luam thoob ntiaj teb (Kaum ib hlis 2016) pib metermites mus txog $84,89/ton yav dhau los, (Kaum Ob Hlis 2016) US $69,07/ton, txawm mus txog USD100/ton thaum lub Kaum Ob Hlis 2016, piv txwv li yog US $ 101,69 / ton. Txawm li cas los, nyob rau hauv lub xyoo 2019, HBA poob rov qab zoo li hauv lub xyoo 2016, thiab nws tuaj yeem pom hauv daim duab saum toj no (6322kcal/kg, FOB nkoj). Nws yog vim qhov poob ntawm kev thov los ntawm Tuam Tshoj thiab Is Nrias teb, thiab influx ntawm thee Lavxias teb sab mus rau lub lag luam ntawm Asia, Tuam Tshoj, thiab Australia. Lub zog thiab cov peev txheej ntxhia teeb tsa thee Production hauv 2019 ua 489t. Ua ntej th 2018 ua 485t, tab sis lub realization ntawm 557 lab tons.

kev xav tau ntawm cov ntoo pellets hauv Indonesia
kev xav tau ntawm cov ntoo pellets hauv Indonesia

Ntawm qhov tod tes, txog 50 ntawm lub tuam txhab dhau los ua koom tes ntawm PT PJB tsim lub hwj chim PLANT lub qhov ncauj ntawm kuv (MT) (Total 6 GW) nrog ib puag ncig tus phooj ywg thev naus laus zis sub-critical ntawm lub boilernya thiaj li yuav txo tau tus nqi ntawm exports (uas nyob rau hauv lem yuav tsa tus nqi) ib zaug kom ceev cov kev pab cuam realization ntawm lub hwj chim ntawm 35,000 MW. Piv txwv: fais fab PLANT MT Jambi (2x 300 MW); Riau (2x 300 MW); South Sumatra 1, 6 (2x 300 MW, Tanjung Yim, 3jt tons ntawm thee/xyoo, 2026), 8 (2x 260 mw, Huadian Bukit Asam Fais Fab 45% + Tuam Tshoj Huadian 55%, Muara Rau, 5,4 lab tons ntawm thee / xyoo); Kaselteng 3, 4, 5; East Kalimantan 3, 5 (200MW), 6, Java Estuary; thiab United Tractors (2x 15 mw, Central Kalimantan).

Ib qho ntawm kev siv thee yog hloov mus rau syngas (gas hluavtaws) los ntawm gasification technology (Gasification ntshav plasma) hloov cov syngas rau hauv hluav taws xob, los yog lwm yam khoom xws li methanol, DME, ammonia, lwm.

sib txawv siv cov pov tseg ua liaj ua teb
sib txawv siv cov pov tseg ua liaj ua teb

Muaj qee qhov laj thawj vim li cas cov hlau yuav tsoo los ntawm cov ntoo pellets:

  • Ntoo pellet yog BB ntawm kev rov ua dua tshiab (yeej muaj, ib zaug tuaj yeem hloov txoj haujlwm ntawm cov thee yav tom ntej), thiab ib puag ncig phooj ywg, thaum cov thee tsis rov ua dua tshiab (khoom siv tau) thiab tsawg tus phooj ywg ib puag ncig. Yog li ntawd, kev siv cov thee hauv thoob ntiaj teb qib berkurang rau kev ciaj sia. Yog li, muaj peev xwm ua kom muaj hluav taws xob hauv teb chaws los ntawm BB ntoo pellets.
  • Calorie ntoo pellets yog sib npaug rau kalori low thee.
  • Kev tsim cov pa roj carbon tsawg dua thee.
  • Tus nqi hluav taws xob tsim cov ntoo pellets los hloov cov thee sib npaug rau cov khoom tsim hluav taws xob uas yog qhov tseeb pheej yig dua li cov thee..
  • Cov neeg ua haujlwm xav tau lub zog PLANT ntoo pellets (suav nrog kev npaj cov txheej txheem ntawm cov ntoo pellets) ntau (ntxiv kev ua haujlwm), uas yog hais txog 3.480 neeg, hos lub thee hluav taws xob PLANT nrog tib lub hwj chim xav tau ib tug neeg ua hauj lwm txog 2.540 neeg. 2/10/2020 2/31
  • Kev thov rau cov ntoo pellets muaj kev ruaj khov nyob rau lub sijhawm ntev los txhawb cov neeg muaj feem xyuam nrog kev khaws cia thiab txhim kho kev tswj hwm hav zoov, thiab txhim kho thaj av tseem ceeb (qub thee mines, kub, tin, npib tsib xee, lwm.) mus rau hauv ib lub hav zoov ntawm industrial nroj tsuag tshwj xeeb ntoo pellets (e.g. ntoo Callindra Mo (KM), Mahang / Hauv Giant Macaranga, Karamunting / Melastoma Malabatricum)
  • Kev thov rau cov ntoo pellets uas tuaj ntawm txhua qhov chaw ntawm lub ntiaj teb txuas ntxiv mus rau Indonesia. Nws yuav tsum tau siv los txhim kho cov nyiaj tau los ntawm cov zej zog
  • Indonesia muaj peev xwm tsim hluav taws xob biomass ~ rau 49.8 GW (Indonesia xav tau lub zog ntxiv hauv tebchaws 35 GW). Lub peev xwm ntawm biomass nyob ib puag ncig 146.7 lab tons / xyoo muab los ntawm cov residue ntawm mov (150GJ/th), roj hmab ntoo (120 GJ/xyoo), qab zib residue (78 GJ/xyoo), residue ntawm xibtes roj (67 GJ/xyoo), thiab lwm yam organic pov tseg (20GJ / xyoo).

Raws li paub, tus neeg siv WP ntiaj teb th 2013 (23.6 lab tons) tau kaw yog lub xeev ntawm Nyiv, South Kauslim, Tuam Tshoj (2 lab tons), Teb chaws Europe (12lab tons) (kuj yog qhov loj tshaj plaws emitters, yog lub teb chaws Yelemees, Sweden, Latvia, thiab Portugal), Teb Chaws Asmeskas (3 lab tons), Russia (2 lab tons) thiab Canada (3 lab tons).

ntiaj teb no regional ntoo pellet ntau lawm nyob rau hauv 2013
ntiaj teb no regional ntoo pellet ntau lawm nyob rau hauv 2013

Txawm hais tias lub teb chaws ntawm cov neeg siv WP tuaj yeem tsim lawv tus kheej, tab sis lawv tseem tsis tau muaj peev xwm ua tau raws li WP DN lawv xav tau (yuav tsum import), vim kev loj hlob ntawm ntoo nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws ntawm lub sub-tropical qeeb qeeb tshaj nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws sov. Piv txwv: hauv 2013, cov European xav tau ntawm 19 lab tons [10 (kub) + 9 (kev lag luam)] (qis 7t), Canada (4lab tons) (tsawg 1 lab tons), Asia (Nyiv & Kaus lim qab teb) tsawg 1 lab tons. Lub tebchaws Esxias thib ob uas yuav dhau los ua tus xa khoom WP loj tshaj plaws hauv kaum xyoo tom ntej (kwv yees txog 5 lab tons ntawm th 2020). Th 2016, Nyiv import WP 400 tons (Tom qab kev sib tsoo nuclear ntawm Fukushima th 2014), thaum Carousel xav tau 1.7 lab tons.

ntiaj teb no regional pellet ntau lawm
ntiaj teb no regional pellet ntau lawm

Kev tsim tawm ntawm WP ntiaj teb mus txog 28juta tons (2015, rau cua sov 15, kev lag luam 13 juta). Lub caij no,kev lag luam ntawm WP thoob ntiaj teb rau kev tsim hluav taws xob thiab cua sov txuas ntxiv mus txog 14.1% ntawm ib xyoo. Xyoo 2020, qhov xav tau ntawm WP yuav tsum tau nce mus rau 80 lab tons. Yog li ntawd, qee lub tebchaws, piv txwv li South Kauslim, Nyiv, Teb chaws Europe (import ~14juta ton/2014), lub U.S., thiab Canada tau sim nrhiav cov khoom siv raw khoom rau lub teb chaws sov uas ib tug ntawm lawv mus rau Indonesia. Cov nram qab no contoh nqi WP hauv Europe (Switzerland, Austria, thiab lub teb chaws Yelemees) uas tuaj yeem pom hauv Gambar rau saum (~ centEuro/kg). Lub hli Sep 2018, tus nqi nruab nrab WP ENplusA1 hauv Austria yog 236,5 EUR/ton.

pellet nqi nyob rau hauv Australia lub teb chaws Yelemees thiab Switzerland
pellet nqi nyob rau hauv Australia lub teb chaws Yelemees thiab Switzerland

Txij li thaum 2012, lub Carousel yog tsom rau kev siv Renewable Energy yam tsawg kawg nkaus 2%, thiab xyoo 2022 kev siv biomass yuav tsum nkag mus rau hauv 10%, ntawm qhov twg 60% los ntawm WP. Feb 2015, kev ua lag luam yog Carousel yuav tsum tau muab ntau tshaj 280,000 tons rau kev xav tau ntawm tsev neeg thiab zaub mov & haus kev lag luam. Txog 70,3% WP Carousel yog pellet imports (Indonesia tsuas yog muab khoom >7% mus rau Carousel, precisely ib ncig 8.940 tonnes ntawm 122.447 tons hauv xyoo 2012, thiab tus so yog imported los ntawm Russia, Malaysia, thiab Nyab Laj).

muab cov ntoo pellets hauv carousel
xav tau ntawm ntoo pellets nyob rau hauv South Kauslim

Thaum ntawd, nqe CIF WP Indonesia tshav dav hlau se (US $ 131 / ton, nyob rau hauv Nyab Laj US $ 144 / ton, thiab Malaysia US $ 141 / tonnes). Ntshuam los ntawm Indonesia txuas ntxiv nrog lub xub ntiag ntawm kerma tuam txhab Carousel Depian Co. Ltd. nrog lub xeev PT Inhutani III (txhim kho hav zoov kev lag luam cog 5000-8000Ha hauv Pelaihari, Sab qab teb Kalimantan ntawm PT SL Agri thiaj li xa tawm WP mus txog 100,000 tons, th 2015). yav tom ntej, Qee lub tuam txhab Kaus Lim Qab Teb tau tshawb nrhiav qhov muaj peev xwm xa WP los ntawm Australia, Nyab Laj, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Thaib teb, Canada, thiab US. Lub carousel xav tau lub hwj chim PLANT siv WP.

muab cov ntoo pellets hauv carousel
muab cov ntoo pellets hauv carousel

Ntshuam WP Carousel hauv 2014 thiab 2015 yog pom nyob rau hauv cov duab sab. Xyoo ntawd, Indonesia exported WP 150,000 tons (Malaysia 60,000 tons), ntawm uas tsuas yog hais txog 4%. Lub caij no, xibtes kernel plhaub (Palm Kernel Plhaub) ntawm ob lub teb chaws nws raug xa tawm mus rau Nyiv hauv me me. Lub carousel nws tus kheej importing WP nrog tus nqi ntawm ib ncig (109-135) Xav tau ntoo pellets nyob rau sab qab teb Kauslim Kev muab cov ntoo pellets rau Carousel 2/10/2020 3/31 Euro/ton (2015). Thaum ntawd, Nyab Laj tau xa WP mus rau Carousel ib ncig 71%.

korea ntoo pellets import thiab export ntaub ntawv 2015
korea ntoo pellets import thiab export ntaub ntawv 2015

Rau cov tswv av (pua pua/ txhiab hectares) hauv Indonesia thiab txaus siab rau kev lag luam ntawm WP, thov ceev faj tiv thaiv cov tswv haujlwm txawv teb chaws (scalpers) leej twg yuav sawdust ntoo DN nrog tus nqi pheej yig, vim lawv yuav xa tawm hauv daim ntawv WP mus rau Rok lossis Nyiv. Koj yuav tsum tsim WP nws tus kheej hauv DN thiab xa nws tus kheej mus rau LN.

Cov npe: Cov Neeg Sawv Cev ntawm South Kauslim hauv Indonesia, Tus Neeg Sawv Cev Indonesian rau Carousel, lub koom haum / Association ntawm Wood Pellet hauv Carousel, thiab Entrepreneur / Importir Carousel tuaj yeem pom ntawm no (Tsib 2014).

Lub koom haum ntawm Kaus Lim Kauslim sawv cev rau CEO ntawm GIMCO tau kos npe rau kev koom tes (MoU) nrog Kemendes PDTT (thiab PT Alam Bumi Cemerlang), txhawm rau siv cov khib nyiab / weevil pob kws (3500-4500kcal/kg) (hauv 24 cheeb tsam) mus rau hauv ntoo pellets yuav tsum tau hloov yog li ntawd lub zos hluav taws xob nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam ntawm Transmigration, Labangka, Sumbawa, NTB. Weevil yuav tov nrog tsob ntoo Gamal (4168kcal/kg, dej cov ntsiab lus ntawm 24%, ash ntsiab lus yog 2.97%) thiab Callindra (5000Ha) siv los ua ntoo pellets thiab xa tawm mus rau South Kauslim rau roj PLTBm Carousel. Kev nqis peev USD400juta cog rau qhov twg los pab nyiaj rau lub Hoobkas ntawm cov ntoo pellets 400.000 tons / xyoo thiab PLTBm 30MW hauv Sumbawa.

siv cov pob kws khib nyiab (3500-4500kcalg ua) (hauv 24 cheeb tsam) rau hauv ntoo pellets
siv cov pob kws khib nyiab (3500-4500kcalg ua) (hauv 24 cheeb tsam) rau hauv ntoo pellets

Sawdust, nplej straw/wheat, mov husk (3300kcal/kg), bagasse ua / bagasse ua (qab zib 2.5%, tus nqi calorific ntawm 1.825 kcal ua), stalks ntawm pob kws / sorghum, nplooj lwg, nyom, twigs, Palm EFB (tankos xib), thiab qhov chaw ntawm cov nroj tsuag uas tau txiav txim siab pov tseg tuaj yeem yog qhov chaw ntawm WP. Cov lag luam WP tau pib cog ntoo sai sai sau cov txij nkawm tsawg, thiab siab zog cov ntsiab lus raws li cov khib nyiab sib tov tsb. Piv txwv li: Petai Suav (Leucaena leucocephala), liab callindra (KM) (Calindra calothyrsus), thiab Gamal (Gliricidia sepium). Lub hom phiaj ntawm kev ua WP yog tus nqi calorific ntawm cov khib nyiab ntoo yuav raug txhim kho kom BB-calorie mus txog thee. (5.000 - 6.000 kcal ua), uas yog hais txog 4.200 - 4.800 kcal nrog tshauv ntsiab lus txog 0.5-3%.

Callindra liab (KM) yog cov khoom siv raw ntawm WP zoo tshaj plaws piv rau suav txiv tsawb, kev ua si, thiab sengon buton los ntawm sab ntawm lub pace kom loj hlob. Lub zog muaj nyob hauv KM 4600kkal / kg, ua 7.400 kcal/kg, 1 kg ntawm pellets KM yog sib npaug rau lub thermal zog ntawm 5.35 kWh lub zog 1,355 kWh. Enrichment ntawm cov av los ntawm fixation ntawm nitrogen nyob rau hauv cov av, thiab qhov hnyav ntawm hom, kom cov hmoov tshauv tuaj yeem qis dua. Dhau li, lub neej ntawm KM tuaj yeem ncav cuag 29 xyoo cog, thiab tuaj yeem sau tau 2 ib xyoos ib zaug, yog li nws xav tau 1.5 xyoo los tsim hluav taws xob. Ib Ha KM tuaj yeem tsim tau ntoo 20-65m3 / xyoo lossis 20-35ton / xyoo. Cog ntom ntawm qhov tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm 5000 ntoo/Ha (luas 1 x 2 m), tuaj yeem txiav kom siab li 1m saum toj no hauv av ntawm qhov rov ua dua txhua 4 hli (3 x ib yr) thaum fertile thiab dej nag ntau. Hauv qab ntawm cov txiv maj phaub (lub teeb ntawm 60%), KM tuaj yeem cog raws li cog qoob loo.

Calindra Calothyrsus
Calindra Calothyrsus

Rau lub peev xwm ntawm 100 kW, tus nqi ntawm peev ntawm Rp.5.5 billion (Jan 2017) suav nrog kev muab thaj av tseem ceeb 30 Ha (av xauj Rp.1.5 M rau 20 xyoo, cov qoob loo, thiab cog / kev saib xyuas ntawm 250,000 ntoo).

KM tsis tsuas yog cov khoom siv raw rau WP, nplooj raws li pub rau tsiaj nyeg (protein ntau), thiab txaus siab rau qhov no raws li cov teb ntawm cov tsiaj nyeg muv (ntau lawm zib mu (zib mu dawb callindra) yog muab los ntawm cov nectar ntawm paj KM nto moo nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no. Ib Ha KM tsim zib mu tsawg kawg 1 ton/xyoo (1000 kg x rp. 50.000/kg = Rp.50million/yr = Rp.4.17 million/month), whereas nyob teb chaws Europe nws tuaj yeem ncav cuag 2 tons/th) rau 15 xyoo tsis muaj kev kho mob txhais tau tias. Lub Radius ntawm cov muv nrhiav nectar nyob ib ncig ntawm 5 km.

KM loj hlob zoo ntawm qhov siab ntawm 400-600m saum toj no hiav txwv theem, pH ~ 5, thiab me ntsis dej. Cov nroj tsuag tseem yuav ua haujlwm zoo li cov nroj tsuag hauv av (poob) (fertilizing av / kev txuag av / anchoring erosion nyob rau hauv sloping av / av mining xws li tin, thee, kub, npib tsib xee, lwm.) kom tsis txhob muaj dej nyab thiab tig qhov av tseem ceeb, qhuav, xuab zeb, thiab tsis muaj txiv, vim nws ua hauj lwm raws li ib tug fertilizer ntawm cov av, cov keeb kwm ntawm cov kab tua tua ya mus rau hauv av, thiab cov hauv paus hniav me me ntawm lwm yam uas txuas mus rau saum npoo av. KM ua haujlwm kom muaj kev ruaj ntseg ntawm qhov xwm txheej.

Cov muv nqus paj essence KM
Cov muv nqus paj essence KM

Qee qhov piv txwv ntawm qhov chaw ntawm pn KM:

  • Gamal thiab callindra cog hauv Sumbawa 5000 Ha.
  • 100txhiab batang hauv thaj av tseem ceeb hauv Wonogiri hauv kev koom tes nrog Ministry of PDT;
  • P Luv (Riau Islands) (nyob rau hauv thaj av ntawm tseem ceeb yav tas los tin mines);
  • North Gorontalo (PT Citra Makmur Kencana: koj puas xav tau ntau tus thwjtim?).
  • Ib qho piv txwv ntawm kev txhim kho KM ua WP (ET) hloov cov thee los ntawm cov koom haum nongovernmental (tsis muaj tsoom fwv pab) yog ua nyob rau hauv Butur (kab. Buton North, Pov thawj. South Sulawesi). Thaum chiv keeb KM xwb 100,000 ntoo tsim hauv Kulbar (excl. Kalisusu West) los ntawm CHANGE (Kev txav ntawm cov neeg nuv ntses Tani Indonesia) Butur, nrog rau lub hom phiaj ntawm ib lab tsob ntoo yav tom ntej. MoU nrog PT Energy Indonesia (Hoobkas WP) tau kos npe yuav MILES los ntawm cov neeg ua liaj ua teb.

Cov txheej txheem ntawm kev ua ntoo pellets:

  • Npaj cov khoom ua ntej
  • Muab tso rau hauv lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws-tig kom txo cov dej kom txog thaum nws ncav cuag 10%
  • Nkag mus rau cov hmoov qhuav (uas tau tov nrog tapioca hmoov; tsis tas yuav bagas, vim nws twb muaj suab thaj lawm) rau nias thiab rhuab ib ncig 180 oC rau lub tshuab tsim cov pellets nrog qhov kawg tshwm sim WP cylindrically-shaped berdiamater 6-10 mm ntev, 1-3 cm, thiab qhov ntom ntawm 650 kg/m3. Callindra Calothyrsus Cov muv nqus cov paj essence KM 2/10/2020 4/31
  • Qhwv / pob ntawm, xa mus rau lwm tog

Cov yam ntxwv ntawm cov khoom BB pellets

Pellet qws
Pellet qws

Cov khoom xyaw tseem ceeb ntawm cov pellets no yog, pob kws stalks, nplej straw, nplej straw, txiv laum huab xeeb (4644 kcal/kg), corn cobs, twigs paj rwb, soybean qia, cov nroj tsuag (nyom nyom), twigs, nplooj, sawdust, thiab lwm cov nroj tsuag pov tseg. Tom qab cov khoom siv raw yog crushed, ces nias, thiab luam tawm, tsim rau hauv cov duab pellet kom muab lub siab ntawm cov menyuam thiab tuag ntawm cov khoom. Qhov ceev ntawm cov khoom yog Ameslikas txog 130kg / m3, Tab sis qhov ceev ntawm cov pellets nce mus txog 1100kg / m3, yog li ntawd ua rau nws yooj yim rau khaws cia thiab ditranspor, nrog rau kev ua tau zoo ntawm cov roj ascending.

Sawdust Pellets

Cov kab ntau lawm ntawm sawdust pellets: kev yuav khoom raw, khaws cov ntaub ntawv, ziab, pelletizing thiab packing. Cov dej ntsiab lus ntawm sawdust yog nyob ib ncig ntawm 30-45% thiab tus nqi ntawm raw khoom nyob ib ncig ntawm nrog 21.05 - 24,29 USD/ton. Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tus nqi calorific tuaj yeem ncav cuag 4.000 - 4.500 kcal ua.

Pellet Twigs

Cov kab ntau lawm ntawm pellets twigs: kev yuav khoom raw, crushing, ziab, pelletizing, thiab ntim. Tus nqi ntawm cov khoom siv raw ~ 16,19 USD / ton. Calorific nqi ntawm pellets twigs qis dua sawdust pellets.

Pellet Twigs
Pellet Twigs

Cov txheej txheem ntawm kev tsim khoom:

kev yuav khoom raw, ziab, pelletizing, thiab ntim. Qhov zoo ntawm cov khoom yog nyob ntawm lub sij hawm ntawm cog. Txhua cov ntaub ntawv tuaj yeem khaws cia tau zoo hauv lub sijhawm, ces qhuav, thiab pelletizing. Cov ntsiab lus dej hauv qab zib yog hais txog 20-25%. Pellet bagasse muaj calorific nqi siab 3.400-4.200 kcal ua (ua ntej pelletizing tsuas yog ib ncig 1825 kcal ua, thiab thaum lub bagasse nyoos nws tsuas yog rhuab siv cov pa pa tawm ntawm lub chimney ntawm lub kettle, dej cov ntsiab lus ntawm pulp poob los ntawm 40%, thiab tus nqi calorific ua 2305kKal).

xibtes roj ntoo pellets
xibtes roj ntoo pellets

Pellet bagasse ua (bagasse ua) yog bioenergy ib qho tshiab. Nws tuaj yeem siv los ua qhov chaw tso cua sov, qhov cub, dej kub boilers thiab industrial, PLTBm, thiab lwm yam. Nws ua hauj lwm ua ib qho khoom siv hluav taws kub, thee, roj roj, thiab LPG. Bagasse muaj cov ntsiab lus ntawm lub zog thiab qhov zoo ntawm cov roj yog siab. Honey, tshauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm ~ 6%.

Lub peev xwm ntawm bagasse hauv Indonesia yog 30 tons/Ha/xyoo. Thaum, thaj av thaj av qab zib (2014) ntawm 447.000 Ha [63,46% yog nyob rau hauv Java, tus so yog 36,54% sab nraum Java], ces lub peev xwm ntawm bagasse tag nrho ntawm txog 13,41 lab tons / xyoo, uas yog thaj tsam ntawm qoob loo txo ​​los ntawm 6% piv rau xyoo 2013, (470.198 Ha). Yog li ntawd, txhawm rau ua kom tau raws li qhov xav tau ntawm cov piam thaj DN thiab txo qis cov khoom noj qab zib, Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws teeb tsa ib tsob ntoo qab zib ntxiv kom ntau li ntau tau 500,000 Ha nyob rau sab qab teb Sulawesi, P., Aru thiab Merauke, ib yam li lub tsev 10 tshiab qab zib factories DN. yav tom ntej, yuav muaj ntxiv bagasse txog 15 tons/xyoo.

Pellet Bagasse
Pellet Bagasse

Cov khoom pov tseg ntawm cov suab thaj yog muab los ntawm cov txiaj ntsig ntawm cov kab mob nira nyob rau hauv lub nruas teb lim yog hu ua lim ncuav mog qab zib. Thaum qhuav, lub ncuav mog qab zib lim tuaj yeem siv ncaj qha los ua roj hauv chav ua noj. Lub ncuav mog qab zib lim feem ntau yog siv rau compost.

The selection of the Tread and the Budget the Cost of Pellet Mill Bagasse in Wood Pellet Indonesia

Tread mill bagasse yuav tsum nyob ntawm qhov chaw ntawm cov khoom siv raw khoom muaj ntau, pheej yig thiab nyob ze ntawm lub tshav dav hlau / chaw nres nkoj kom yooj yim rau kev thauj mus los ntawm cov khoom, yog li tus nqi ntawm cov khoom siv raw thiab lwm yam nqi (kev ua haujlwm, warehouse xauj, kev tswj tus nqi, lwm.) tuaj yeem txuag tau qis. Cov yam ntxwv ntawm legality ntawm lub tsev thiab kev tso cai kev lag luam: TDI, SIB, HO, IMB, lwm. uas muaj feem cuam tshuam yuav tsum tau npaj. Daim ntawv pov thawj rau export (SVLK) thiab daim ntawv pov thawj ntawm cov khoom (Piv txwv li los ntawm Sucofindo,thiab SGS) kuj tau npaj.

Thawj peev pellet zeb bagasse ncig 112.414 USD nrog lub peev xwm ntawm 1 ton/h (lub peev xwm yuav nce mus txog 6 tons / teev ntxiv cov khoom tsim nyog).

pib peev pellet zeb bagasse
pib peev pellet zeb bagasse

Kev nqis peev ua lag luam nyob ib ncig ntawm 19.271 USD nrog thaj tsam ntawm 6.000m2.

Thawj peev peev ntawm cov cuab yeej siv nyob ib puag ncig 72.266 USD suav nrog cov tshuab ziab khaub ncaws 24.089 USD, stranding tawb Pellets Bagasse 2/10/2020 5/31 1.927 USD, hluav taws xob txee 1.927 USD, tshuab pellet (1 ton/h) 25.695 USD, lwm.

Ua hauj lwm peev nyob ib ncig ntawm lub 40.148 USD rau thawj zaug khaws cov ntaub ntawv raw thiab ua ntej muag ntawm cov khoom.

Thaum kev ua lag luam thiab kev ua haujlwm ruaj khov, koj tuaj yeem nce koj cov peev txheej. Lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws 24.089 USD tuaj yeem siv rau 3 pellet zeb, koj tuaj yeem ntxiv ob qho tib si hauv Stranding tawb, tshuab pellet, thiab conveyor. Thaum lub pellet zeb ntau tshaj peb, Tom qab ntawd lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws yuav tsum tau ntxiv thiab lub tsheb forklift yog tsim nyog. Lub cav txias yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab nyob ntawm qhov xwm txheej ntawm kev tsim khoom.

Wood Pellet Indonesia Cost & Margin Analysis ntawm Pellet Bagasse

Lub Hom Phiaj Lag Luam: 500 tons/ hli (pib). Thaum ua haujlwm li qub, lub hli ntau lawm tuaj yeem nce mus txog 1,500 tons lub 3,000 tons. Cov khoom lag luam txhua xyoo txog 30,000 tons.

ROI Pellets Bagasse:

  • Tus nqi ntawm raw khoom qab zib bagasse: 19,45 USD/ton
  • Tus nqi ntawm kev thauj mus los: 3,24 USD/tonne [packing nqi thiab tus nqi tawm]
  • Sib tsoo: 0
  • Lub load hluav taws xob tshuab ziab khaub ncaws: 1,39 USD/ton [7,5 kV hluav taws xob tshuab ziab khaub ncaws 0.7 tons/hr]
  • Hluav taws xob load peletisasi: 11,67 USD/ton [90kW hluav taws xob cav pellet 1 koj/d]
  • Ntim: 5,19 USD/ton [25kg / hnab; 0,13 USD / hnab]
  • Cov neeg ua haujlwm ncaj qha: 8,10 USD/ton [1 cuab tam rau 8 cov neeg ua haujlwm, 11,34 USD rau 1 cov neeg ua haujlwm hauv ib hnub]
  • Tus nqi tread: 5,33 USD/ton [19.434 USD rau kev siv 10 xyoo]
  • Tus nqi ntawm cov cuab yeej: 3,25 USD/ton [cuab yeej 80.976 USD rau 26 hnub/ hli hauv 5 hnub siv]
  • Tus nqi kho mob: 4,86 USD/ton [kos tuag / ob lub qhov muag ntawm felts yog hnav tawm]
  • TAG NRHO tus nqi: 62,48 USD/ton

Kev suav nyiaj khwv tau los: Tus nqi tag nrho: 62,48 USD/ton; muag nqi pellets ntawm cov nroj tsuag: 97,17 USD/ton; net profit rau ib tuj ntawm 34.69 USD. Yog hais tias lub hli ntau lawm ntawm 500 tons, cov nyiaj tau los txhua hli yog 17.345 USD.

Thaum, ROI sawdust pellets

  • Tus nqi ntawm raw khoom sawdust: 22,67 USD/ton
  • Tus nqi ntawm kev thauj mus los: 4,86 USD/ton [packing nqi thiab tus nqi tawm]
  • Sib tsoo: 0
  • Lub load hluav taws xob tshuab ziab khaub ncaws: 2,08 USD/ton [7,5 kV hluav taws xob tshuab ziab khaub ncaws 0.7 tons/hr]
  • Hluav taws xob load pellet zeb: 15,16 USD/ton [90kW hluav taws xob cav pellet 1 koj/d]
  • Ntim: 5,18 USD/ton [25kg / hnab; 0,13 USD / hnab]
  • Cov neeg ua haujlwm ncaj qha: 8,10 USD/ton [1 cuab tam rau 8 cov neeg ua haujlwm, 11,34 USD rau 1 cov neeg ua haujlwm hauv ib hnub]
  • Tus nqi tread: 5,33 USD/ton [19.434 USD rau kev siv 10 xyoo]
  • Tus nqi ntawm cov cuab yeej: 3,25 USD/ton [cuab yeej 80.976 USD rau 26 hnub/ hli hauv 5 hnub siv]
  • Tus nqi kho mob: 5,83 USD/ton [kos tuag / ob lub qhov muag ntawm felts yog hnav tawm]
  • TAG NRHO tus nqi: 72,46 USD/ton

Kev suav nyiaj khwv tau los: Tus nqi tag nrho: 72,46 USD/ton; muag nqi pellets ntawm cov nroj tsuag: 137,65 USD/ton; net profit rau ib tuj yog 65,19 USD. Yog hais tias lub hli ntau lawm ntawm 500 tons, cov nyiaj tau los txhua hli yog 32.595 USD.

Wood Pellet Indonesia Rice Straw/Wheat/Grass/like

Pellet nplej straw nplej nyom zoo li
Pellet nplej straw nplej nyom zoo li

Ntawm no yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm lub tswv yim ntawm cov cuab yeej siv tshuab tsim cov pellets los ntawm cov nplej straw / nplej nrog lub peev xwm ntawm pellets 200-300 kg/h. Cov tshuab zoo li no tuaj yeem siv ntau yam khoom siv raw xws li ntoo, bagasse ua, ceg / daim tawv nqaij ntawm pob kws / sorghum, txiv laum huab xeeb, bagasse jatropha, kas fes tawv, cog sai heev, lub qia ntawm xibtes (ntawm 8.6 ton/Ha, 3650kcal/kg) sawdust, daim ntawv, thiab ntoo shavings. Lub tshuab muaj rauj zeb, pellet zeb, txias dua, vibrated pellet separator nruab nrog plua plav catcher los tiv thaiv plua plav paug. Raws li paub zoo, quav nyab yog cov khoom uas du thiab nyuaj nias. Yog li ntawd, lub tshuab yuav tsum tau pub ntsia hlau conveyor uas yog tsim tshwj xeeb nrog lub hopper ntxiv, kom tus neeg siv tuaj yeem ntxiv sawdust thiab daim ntawv txhawm rau txhawm rau txhim kho qhov zoo ntawm cov pellets. Yog tias cov kab ntub dej heev, ces lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws yuav tsum tau ntxiv.

Ntau hom piv txwv ntawm lwm lub tshuab (kaw li, txav mus / nyob rau hauv lub tsheb, lub tshuab tote, loj thiab me) ntau muaj nyob hauv khw LN [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]; DN [1, 2, 3] ua pellets los ntawm ntau yam biomass raw khoom.

Kev sib piv ntawm Pellet straw (rau pellet ntawm mov husk ) yog: dej ntsiab lus: 8-10% (15- 30%); cov ntsiab lus tshauv 3% (15-20%); Tus nqi calorific: 18,5 MJ/kg (13,98 MJ/kg) los yog 4422 kcal/kg (3341 kcal/kg). Combustion ntawm straw pellets tsim cov pa roj carbon nruab nrab uas tuaj yeem siv rov qab rau kev loj hlob ntawm biomass tom ntej.

straw pellets
straw pellets

Kev tsim cov pellets ntawm straw tuaj yeem ua rau kom qhov ntom ntawm cov nplej husk, txo tus nqi thauj, lub zog cov ntsiab lus ntawm ascending (4422kKal / hli), tsawg tshauv cov ntsiab lus (3%), thiab tshauv ntawm combustion ntawm straw pellets yuav siv tau raws li ntxhia chiv rau cov nroj tsuag loj hlob.

Steps in the manufacture of straw pellet of Wood Pellet Indonesia

  1. Kev sib cais ntawm cov quav cab los ntawm lwm yam khoom.
  2. Dozing straw. Ua ntej lub straw raug xa mus rau lub feeder, Nws yuav tsum raug txo mus rau ib tug uniform loj (15%, yuav tsum tau siv lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws ntawm lub nruas teb.
  3. Qhuav ntawm straw. Feem ntau straw yog qhuav nyob rau hauv cov huab cua nrog ib tug dej ntsiab lus ntawm 15%, yog li ntawd

drying ntawm quav nyab tsis tas yuav tsum tau. Txawm li cas los, yog tias cov ntsiab lus dej >15%, kev siv lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws

lub nruas teb yog yuav tsum tau.

  1. Pelletizing nyob rau hauv lub tshuab pellet. Tom qab mus dhau cov txheej txheem ntawm pulping thiab ziab, lub straw yog thauj mus rau straw pellet tshuab siv conveyor siv (conveyor). Nrog kev pab ntawm lub siab ntawm cov tuag thiab cov menyuam ua haujlwm tshuab, straw pellet yog nias tawm thiab txiav raws li xav tau ntev (6mm8 ib mm).
  2. Txias cov pellets straw. Yuav kom tswj tau qhov zoo ntawm cov pellets thaum khaws cia thiab tuav, qhov tso zis ntawm straw pellets ntawm qhov kub thiab txias yuav tsum tau txias hauv huab cua mus rau chav tsev kub los yog siab dua me ntsis siv lub cav txias cua cov kev taw qhia.

Cov teb chaws ua mov (10) uas muaj peev xwm siv straw pellet tshuab los siv zog los ntawm straw yog Tuam Tshoj, Is Nrias teb, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nyab Laj, Thaib teb, Philippines, Myanmar, Brazil, thiab Nyiv.

The Future of Wood Pellet Indonesai (coupling nrog PLTPk)

Yav Tom Ntej ntawm Ntoo Pellet (coupling nrog PLTPk)
Yav Tom Ntej ntawm Ntoo Pellet (coupling nrog PLTPk)

Ntoo pellets (WP) pib ntau tsim. Muaj qhov tshwm sim muaj zog uas nws yuav tshwm sim muaj dej nyab ntawm cov khoom siv hauv DN thiab LN tuaj yeem tawg rau tus nqi. Xyuas cov nqi thoob ntiaj teb no thiab cov duab (tom ntej no). Importers ntawm LN pib hnav cov ntsiab lus pom WP qhov zoo tshaj plaws, tab sis tus nqi pheej yig. Yog li ntawd, Nws yog lub sijhawm rau WP cov neeg ua lag luam los txhim kho lawv cov lag luam nrog:

  1. Muab WP rau lub thee hluav taws xob hluav taws xob PLANT los hloov cov thee ib nrab / nkaus (tau kos npe MoU nrog cov thee hluav taws xob hluav taws xob PLANT).
  2. Lub tsev fais fab PLANT ntoo Pellets (PLTPk; PLTBm = biomass; piv txwv nyob rau hauv Nyiv) hauv DN / nyob ib ncig ntawm lub Hoobkas WP.
  3. Cog ib tsob ntoo sai sai, tuaj yeem loj hlob thiab qhov zoo yog qhov zoo ntawm thaj av tseem ceeb / mining (tin, thee, kub, zircon, tooj, npib tsib xee, lwm.) rau WP cov khoom zoo, xws li kaliandra liab (hluav taws qhov cub ze xiav).
  4. Txhawb kev sib raug zoo ntawm kev siv WP & qhov cub (kev them nqi / kev them nqi) mus rau zej zog (ua ib tug hloov rau 3 kg LPG BBGas uas nyuaj nrhiav tam sim no). Cov zej zog nyob ib ncig ntawm lub Hoobkas WP nyiam yuav WP nrog tus nqi Hoobkas.

Nws tau txhais tau tias kom ruaj khov tus nqi ntawm WP ib zaug lub zog hauv lub tebchaws thiab qhib cov haujlwm tshiab uas yuav tsum tau muaj ntawm cov neeg nyob ib puag ncig lub Hoobkas WP, piv txwv:

  • PT Austral Byna tsim PLTPk 100MW (txhua 10MW raug nqi Rp150miliar) hauv Mantuil Banjarmasin, Muara Teweh (Kab. North Barito) Central Kalimantan, thiab sab hnub tuaj Kalimantan.
  • PT puv (Prima National Engineering Service) hais txog kev hlub (MoU) nrog District, Morowali, Central Sulawesi, tsim PLTBm 10MW (nqi Rp.30miliar in 2 xyoo, FS 6 hli) nrog cov khoom siv raw ntawm callindra calothyrsus thoob plaws hauv Morowali (200Ha).
  • PEB EMI (Energy Management Indonesia) tsim PLTPk ib ncig ntawm 5-10MW (zog KM: 4.800kKal ua, 7.500 kcal) hauv Purworejo, Central Java (with luas plant 10 Ha) siv WP ntawm KM nrog lub peev xwm ntawm 36.000 tons/xyoo. Pov tseg / tshauv WP tseem tuaj yeem ua chiv rau peat av kho dua tshiab uas tau nthuav dav hauv Indonesia (ntiaj teb 4). PLTPk tsim nyob rau hauv ntau qhov chaw hauv Indonesia. Cov khoom siv raw (KM) tau los ntawm lub zej zog ntawm Wonosobo, Magelang, Kev, rau Banyumas.
  • Pawg Korindo tab tom npaj tsim PLTBm (ntoo pellets) 10MW hauv Jayapura, Papua. A subsidiary of the Korindo, PT Tunas Sawaerma, nyob rau hauv kev koom tes nrog rau Papua Provincial tsoom fwv thiab lub Regency ntawm Jayapura, mus thov kom tau av 12.000 Ha uas kwv yees li 7,200 Ha rau av rau HTI (Industrial plantation Forests, nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm ib tsob ntoo ntawm Eucalyptus Pellita thiab Liab Jabon tuav los ntawm PT Biomass Papua Lestari) thiab PLTBm (los ntawm PT Bio Green Jayapura). Txawm li cas los, lawv tsoo thaj av kev cai, thiab tseem tsis tau muaj kev pom zoo nrog cov zej zog hauv zos.

The price of Wood Pellet Indonesia(hloov raws li kev muab khoom & xav tau):

Hauv tsev (Hoobkas nqi, Ex-Ua haujlwm) ($115-125)

  • Jakarta Rp. 1700/kg,
  • Rp. 1600/kg
  • West Java Rp.1600/kg,
  • Central Java Rp.1600/kg
  • East Java Rp.1550/kg.
  • Txawv teb chaws: FOB $140/ton; CIF $ 160/ton

Txheeb xyuas qhov twg muaj Tshuag ntawm WP hauv Indonesia? hu rau tus neeg tiv tauj ntawm no [email protected]

Kev phom sij rau kev ua cov ntoo pellets

Thaum koj tsim WP, xav txog tej yam uas cuam tshuam nrog kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev nyab xeeb ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm:

  • Kev phom sij ntawm plua plav ntoo pellets ntawm qhov chaw cog,
  • Bd khoom lom - cov pa CO hauv cia WP (silo, plam, qhib qhov chaw); thiab
  • Bd khoom kebakaran hauv lub Hoobkas WP, fais fab nroj tsuag, lwm.

Siv cov khoom pov tseg Biomass rau hauv WP Ib puag ncig koj

  • Coj kom zoo dua tag nrho cov khoom ua liaj ua teb uas tsis muaj nqi, npr cob & pob kws stalks, lub stems ntawm cassava, bagasse ua (4476kcal ua / kg), xyoob (4105kcal ua / kg), mov husk & nplej straw, npliag txiv hmab txiv ntoo bunches ntawm xibtes roj, twigs, cov khib nyiab, sawdust, av txiv ntseej plhaub (4644kcal ua / kg), plaub hau xim av, nyob ntawm no (3948kcal ua / kg, noo noo cov ntsiab lus ntawm 14.21%, cov ntsiab lus tshauv 1.08 feem pua), lwm. hauv WP

Yog xav qhib av, suav cov ntoo khib nyiab muaj ces nias rau hauv WP, raws li cov nyiaj tau los ntxiv rau koj (raws li cov khoom siv roj PLTBm / thee hluav taws xob hluav taws xob hauv tsev PLANT, exported rau LN, roj rau qhov cub, khoom siv hauv tsev, tsev noj mov, ua noj center, lwm.); tsis yog los ntawm kev hlawv hav zoov uas yuav hais txog kev haus luam yeeb rau tag nrho lub ntiaj teb.

Piv txwv ntawm Manufacturers ntawm ntoo Pellet Tshuab

Hauv Xeev (DN)

  • PT Toba Green Synergy, Thaum, sab qaum teb Sumatra
  • IN (Dahlan Iskan) (los ntawm PT SDI, Sociopreneur rau lub hom phiaj ntawm Indonesia) caw cov tub ntxhais kawm ntawm SMK ua tshuab WP (1 ton / h) txhawm rau siv cog ntoo KM hauv 30 Cov xeev (sab hnub tuaj Kalimantan, NTB, Riau , Lampung, Bengkulu, lwm). PT SDI lub tsev tshuab WP thiab PLTBm, thiab yuav yuav KM los ntawm cov pejxeem. Nws lub hom phiaj yog cov zej zog tau txais cov haujlwm thiab cov nyiaj tau los (los ntawm kev npaj ntawm WP, nyuj thiab tshis, nyuj thiab muv) ib yam li kom tau lub zog.

Lub tshuab Kingdom (UKM), ntau lawm tshuab WP rau lub peev xwm ntawm 400-600kg / h thiab 800-1000kg / h; Malang, Eastern Java.

Txawv teb chaws (LN)

  • Chaw tsim tshuaj paus ntawm Tuam Tshoj

    pellet zeb

Cov ntaub ntawv hais txog cov chaw tsim khoom ntawm cov tshuab ntsig txog ntoo pellets, yog ib tus neeg siv khoom lossis kev koom ua ke nrog ntau yam kev tsim khoom muaj peev xwm WP ntawm 1.5 tons / teev rau 12 tons/teev feem ntau nug ntawm tus nyeem ntawv. Cov ntaub ntawv khoom lag luam TAICHANG cov hauv qab no tuaj yeem siv los ua ib qho kev tshawb fawb thawj zaug rau cov tshuab no. Yog koj txaus siab, tiv tauj [email protected] ib

  • Pellet tshuab ntsug ntxiv rau cov khoom tsim TAICHANG nyob hauv Shandong Tuam Tshoj. Muaj peev xwm ntawm 0.8-1 ton / h xav tau lub zog 55kW, thaum lub peev xwm ntawm 3-4 tons / teev, yuav tsum muaj hwj chim 220 kW.

Khoom zoo ntawm TAICHANG piv rau cov khoom WP lwm qhov yog:

  • Compactness tau zoo heev los ntawm kev tsim tshuab. Nws siv modular tsim los ua kom muaj kev ntseeg siab ntawm kev ua haujlwm los ntawm 4-6 sij hawm.
  • Nws siv qhov zoo tshaj plaws tsis sib cuag thiab siab abrasion kuj labyrinth sealing ntaus ntawv.
  • Ua kom qhov chaw saum npoo ntawm lub reducer, adopting yuam cua txias thiab tshiab hom deflector ntaub thaiv npog uas muaj cua sov dissipation kev ua tau zoo.
  • Lub lubrication ntawm tag nrho lub tshuab yog tsim los ntawm lub hauv paus ntawm qhov qis tshaj qhov tso cai roj kub, uas txhim kho kev ntseeg tau ntawm kev ua haujlwm. Lub caij no, tus nqi txij nkawm raug txo vim qhov txuas ntxiv ntawm lub voj voog hloov roj.
  • Ua txhaum qhov teeb meem ntawm ntoo pellet tshuab qiv cov tsoos industrial reducer. Peb siv tshwj xeeb reducer rau ntoo pellet tshuab.

Circuit Court unit raws li qhia hauv qab no:

STRAW PELLETS PRODUCTION LAYOUT
STRAW PELLETS PRODUCTION LAYOUT

STRAW PELLETS PRODUCTION LAYOUT

WOOD PELLETS PRODUCTION LINE LAYOUT
WOOD PELLETS PRODUCTION LINE LAYOUT

WOOD PELLETS PRODUCTION LINE LAYOUT

IB QHOV CHAW UA HAUJ LWM NTAWM HOM PELLETS PRODUCTION LINE
IB QHOV CHAW UA HAUJ LWM NTAWM HOM PELLETS PRODUCTION LINE

IB QHOV CHAW UA HAUJ LWM NTAWM-WOOD PELLETS PRODUCTION LINE

Tus nqi ntawm lub tshuab-pellet tshuab thiab cov khoom siv los ntawm lwm cov tuam ntxhab tuaj yeem pom ntawm no.

  • Chaw tsim tshuaj paus ntawm European piv txwv:

WP cav khoom lub teb chaws Yelemees (Qee cov khoom tau siv rau hauv cov ntoo pellet zeb hauv Surabaya).

Ib qho piv txwv ntawm Tus Tsim Khoom / Factory WP hauv Indonesia

Carousel ua haujlwm ua haujlwm nyob rau sab hnub tuaj Java, Central Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, thiab Papua. Indonesia yuav yog lub hom phiaj Carousel los ua tus xa khoom ntawm WP yav tom ntej hauv Asia thiab tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau biopellet muab los ntawm cov rooj tog khib nyiab., midrib ntawm roj xibtes, EFB, bagasse ntawm cane, straw, Calindra calothyrsus, sawdust, lwm.

  • North sumatra (Thaum) PT Toba Green Synergy kev khiav hauj lwm kawg ntawm 2016 siv lub xib teg EFB (EFB, tankos xib) rau hauv pellets tankos roj uas yog siv los ua BB lwm txoj hauv kev ua raws LAW No. 32 xyoo 2009. Qhov zoo ntawm pellet tankos xibtes yog cov av noo tsawg, zog efficiency siab kub, tuav & cia yooj yim, haum rau boiler system ntawm lattice, thiab tsim cov pa luam yeeb tsawg. Honey, cov ntsiab lus tshauv >3%. Kev ua haujlwm 1 Ton ntawm FFB (Fresh Fruit Bunches) ua pov tseg ntawm 0.23 ton EFB; 0,13 tons ntawm mesocarpfibre (fibers); 0,06 tons ntawm plhaub (xib teg), thiab 0.65 tons ntawm LCPKS (Xibtes roj Mill Effluent). EFB lub sijhawm no tsuas yog siv los ua cov chiv (mulch). Cov txheej txheem siv suav nrog: Empty Bunch Crusher, ib tug hydraulic system, Empty Bunch Xovxwm, lub Shredded Empty Brunch, Cutter, Lub tshuab ziab khaub ncaws, Bricket Tshuab, thiab Bricket Bunker. Kev xav: EFB (hauv TBS) ntawm 23%, lub peev xwm yog VFD 30ton/j, EFB ua ~ 6.9 tons/d. Ib chav tsev shredder muaj peev xwm 7ton / hr yog xav tau. Hauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov txheej txheem ntawm kev ua ntoo pellets: EFB ua tsaug (crushing), shredded (shredding), slam (ntaus), nias (nias) thiaj li yuav txo tau cov dej, thiab muab cov roj ntxiv; ces ntawm conveyor xa mus rau chav tsev ziab (ziab), txiav (txiav, max 2 nti) thiab thiaj li nyob rau hauv pellet tshuab tankos. Lub peev xwm ntawm VFD 30 kg/h os 600 kg/hnub, EFB 138ribu kg/hnub, Pellet EFB (40% ntawm EFB) 55.200 kg/hnub, Tilapia kub lub Pellet tankos 17.660 kJ/kg (4.640 kcal/kg), lub peev xwm kub ntawm cov pellets 974.832.000 kJ/hnub. Tsib kg pellets tankos qhov sib npaug ntawm 12 kg LPG gas lub tog raj kheej. Nqe pellet tshuab tankos chav kawm ua nyob rau hauv Suav teb ~ 33.000 USD.
EFB PELLETS PRODUCTION
EFB PELLETS PRODUCTION
  • Riau Islands: IDEAS koom tes nrog PT APP (Achmadi Post Pioneer) tau ua ib daim ntawv ntsuam xyuas los tsim kom muaj hav zoov zog qoob loo thiab cog WP hauv Phallus (Muaj txog 604 kob loj & me me).
  • West java: Cog WP hauv Ciamis, muaj peev xwm 2,500 tons/ hli (60%rau DN, 40% rau LN) IN (Dahlan Iskan) tau mus rau lub Hoobkas WP (2x 350 kg/j, raw khoom KM) Ds swb, koog tsev kawm ntawv. Cingambul, Kab. Majalengka; mus hla tempeh hauv Dukuh Semar, Cirebon, uas yog sim WP Anymore.
  • IDEAS thiab PT MBT (Kev ywj pheej peb lub hnub qub) nyob rau hauv kev sib koom tes tsim lub zog kaliandra, thiab lub Hoobkas WP hauv Sumedang, tooj dag, thiab Bandung.
  • Central Java: papart ntoo pellets qhov loj tshaj plaws ntawm PT South Pacific rooj tog manufacturers nyob rau hauv Jepara, Central Java, tsim WP dua li pov tseg cov rooj tog zaum tas li cov khoom tsim ntawm WP-nws nrov hauv South Kauslim (70,000 tons/xyoo), vim qhov zoo yog qhov zoo (calorie ntau ntau, chemical constituents thiab cov tshauv yog tsawg heev). Plaub tsob nroj WP tau npaj yuav tsim nyob rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm lub vaj biomass nyob rau hauv ntau qhov chaw (Max txog 4 teev los ntawm tshav dav hlau thoob ntiaj teb).
WOOD PELLETS PROCESSING Flow
WOOD PELLETS PROCESSING Flow
  • PT SPI (Hnub Ci Park Indonesia, hauv Kalikajar, Qhov tseeb, Central Java) leej twg thawj zaug kwv yees raws li ib tug pilot project cov peev txheej ntawm biomass ntoo puag (zoo li lub Hoobkas WP) nruab nrab ntawm Indonesia thiab Republic of Kauslim (200,000 Ha) tau muaj nyob hauv zos. Tam sim no raug muag (Rp.19,5 billion) rau lwm tog (txawm tias tej lub cav twb rub tawm lawm, thiab muag ib thooj).
  • Semarang: PT Mahya Bioenergy, muaj peev xwm 2,000 tons/ hli (max 10,000 tons/ hli), ntoo albizia, 4200-4600 kcal/kg, diam 8 mm, cov dej noo ntawm 7-9%.
  • Purwojo: PEB EMI (Energy Management Indonesia) (xeev-muaj los ntawm nws lub chaw haujlwm PT EBI) ua lub kerma nrog tsoom fwv ntawm Purworejo tsim lub Hoobkas tshiab WP muab los ntawm ntoo callindra calothyrsus nrog lub peev xwm ntawm 36.000 tons/xyoo. Kev tsim khoom ntawm nws kom tau raws li qhov xav tau ntawm WP DN (250 tons/hnub) thiab LN Nyiv thiab Kaus Lim Qab Teb uas tau nce txhua 250 tons/hnub (10,000 tons/ hli) via LOI. Factory cheeb tsam ntawm 10 Ha.
  • IN Yogyakarta: ib qho ntawm cov chaw muag khoom ntawm WP (50 tons/ hli) mus rau teb chaws korea (thiab Nyiv) yog PT Greeno Energy Innovation ntawm Ds. Ntawm, Kev hlub, Helpl, DIY. Lub ntsiab raw khoom yog sawdust , uas yog tau los ntawm Jateng & DIY, uas tov pov tseg lwm yam biomass zoo li husk ntawm mov, qab zib cane pulp (bagasse ua), hmoov av ntawm luam yeeb, thiab nkim ntawv nyiaj. Tapioca hmoov ntxiv rau nws ua cov nplaum.
  • East java (Paiton, Probolinggo): PT Pellet Biomass Indonesia, ib lub chaw tsim khoom ntawm hwm WP (calories 4600 kcal / kg; av noo 8%; tshauv cov ntsiab lus ntawm 1.2%; lus tsawg kawg nkaus: 16 tons; qhov chaw nres nkoj ntawm Surabaya; lub sijhawm xa khoom 1 hli; L/C, T/T; muaj peev xwm muab tau: 2000 tons/ hli).
Ntoo pellets Callindra calothyrsus
Ntoo pellets Callindra calothyrsus
  • Madura: Plaub Hlis Ntuj 2015, CV Gate Lestari tsim lub Hoobkas WP tswj los ntawm Ponpes Darul Ittihad hauv Ds. Kombangan, koog tsev kawm ntawv. Geger Kab. Bangkalan, Madura nrog lub peev xwm ntawm 1 ton/h, nrog ntoo raw khoom callindra calothyrsus txog 12 tons/hnub (1 dag = 8 teev, cov ntaub ntawv ntub dej uas muaj txog li 40%). Yog xyoo = 310 hnub, ces muab 12 tuj x 310 = 3720 tons/xyoo, los yog xav tau av 3720/20 = 186 Ha. Yog li ntawd, lub vaj sau qoob rau ib hnub, nkaus xwb 186 Ha/310 = 0.6 Ha. Tus nqi muag ntawm ntoo pellets KM Rp.The 1.6-2.5 lab/ton. Thaum, muag nqi ntoo KM nkaus xwb Rp.367.000/ton. Tom qab kev tsim khoom yog tswj hwm los ntawm ISE (IDEAS ntawm Lub Ntiaj Teb Zog, tshuab rejuvenated los ntawm CV SBE, Suryabaja Engineering), WP 2 tons / teev lossis 25tons / hnub (nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm ib tug sib tov ntawm KM thiab Kemlandingan) raug xa mus rau Gresik, thiab PTPN 8 hauv Canning, Bandung (rau BB qhov ziab ntawm cov tshuaj yej nplooj).Cov neeg siv hauv zos tau pib siv WP los hloov LPG uas tuaj yeem txuag tau tus nqi 47% uas los nrog kev siv lub qhov cub WP rau hauv ib pob nrog WP. Lub tswv yim ntawd yuav tsim nyob rau hauv Mamuju (sab hnub poob sulawesi) thiab North Lombok (NTB). Ntoo Kaliandra liab sau tom qab 14 lub hlis los ntawm CV Gate Lestari. Kev tsim kho optimum ntawm 20 ton/Ha/th. Cov neeg nyob hauv zos siv lub vaj qhov project zog kaliandra hauv hav zoov hav zoov cheeb tsam ntawm 214 Ha thiab lub Hoobkas WP 200 m2 ua (pab ICCTF, Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund). Thaum, Cov khoom WP yog siv los ua BB PLTBm 197kW. ISE tsim Hoobkas WP 1.5 tons / h hauv Bangkalan madura, Mamuju (sab hnub poob sulawesi) 2 ton/hr, Karangantu, Banten, thiab PLTBm hauv Ds. Selegen & Ua tsaug rau North Lombok, NTB. Tam sim no ntoo pellet zeb Madura lub torpor, qhov tsis muaj qhov seem-pellet tshuab uas tawg.
Factory ntoo pellet, Kombangan
Factory ntoo pellet, Kombangan
  • South Kalimantan: PT Jhonlin Agro Mandiri: 3 Lab tus kiv cua tos koj rau Webtalk! (PT JA) tsim lub Hoobkas WP hauv thaj tsam ntawm 2 Ha nrog lub peev xwm ntawm 4 tons / teev nrog lub tshuab tsis siv neeg. Cov khoom siv raw yog los ntawm ntoo Jabon, Gmelina, Sengon thiab Acacia cog hauv thaj av ntawm 15.000 Ha. Hom phiaj: export WP rau Carousel thiab Europe.
  • PT Inhutani III muab cov khoom siv raw eucalyptus, tsig, thiab gamal uas tau cog rau hauv thaj av hais txog 5,000 Ha, nraug vauv, South Kalimantan, mus rau lub Hoobkas WP uas yog tsim los ntawm PT SL Agro Industries (ib lub koom haum ntawm Carousel, Depian) nrog lub peev xwm ntawm txog 100,000 tons (2015). Tsis tas li ntawd, PT SLAI muab WP los ntawm lub Hoobkas mus rau South Kauslim tuam txhab uas muag Western Power Co. Ltd. Kerma Inhutani III nrog Tuam Tshoj kuj tau kos npe, thiab Inhutani III los npaj thaj av ntawm 5,000 Ha. PLTBm 2x10MW nrog cov khoom siv raw ntawm cov ntoo (140.000 tons) kuj yog tsim los txhawb lub zog cog, thaum lwm qhov hluav taws xob tau muag rau PLN.
  • West Sulawesi (Mamuju): Hoobkas WP yuav tsim los ntawm MCA-I (Millennium Challenge Account-Indonesia) nrog lub peev xwm ntawm 600 tons/ hli, thiab lub vaj lub zog los ntawm HTR (zej zog cog Forests) thiab HR (Neeg Hav Zoov) kaliandra liab npaj 748Ha. Ntawm qhov tod tes, Cov tub ua lag luam txawv teb chaws los ntawm Carousel PT Bara Indoco (Tsib 2018) nqis peev nyiaj los ntawm IUPHHK (Daim ntawv tso cai ua lag luam ntawm Timber Forest khoom siv) (tsig & Callindra) HTI 27.300 Ha (txog 700m3 ntawm ntoo, WP 200,000 tons/xyoo) hauv 3 cheeb tsam (tapalang sub districts 14.865 Ha, Tommo, Ua tsis taus pa) hauv Mamuju (sab hnub poob sulawesi). Nroj tsuag ntawm 80,000 tons/xyoo yuav tsim nyob rau hauv Dappled District. Kalukku.
  • Papua: (Merauke) IDEAS koom tes nrog PT SIS (Harmonious Core of the Universe, MEDCO Group) ua FS (Kev kawm ua tau) kev koom ua ke ntawm hav zoov zog qoob loo thiab kev tsim kho ntawm cov nroj tsuag WP.

The Problem That often Occurs Wood Pellet Indonesia

Koj yuav tsum ua li cas yog tias cov khoom koj WP tau ua kom muaj cov hmoov tshauv thiab cov tshuaj chlorine (cov ion chloride) yog saum cov specifications uas tus neeg thov?

Ua tus txheej txheem Torrefaction (Roasting nrog dej vapor), nyob rau hauv lub reactor batch ntawm ib tug kub ntawm 250-300 oC ua, lub siab ze ntawm atmospheric siab, tsis muaj oxygen / dej, cua sov tus nqi yog tsawg (nyob lub sij hawm ntawm 30-120 feeb). Cov qib ntawm chlorine poob los ntawm ib nrab txawm mus txog 90%.

Lwm txoj kev: ntoo hmoov mas muaj dej siab nyob rau hauv thawj ntub dej (Tor ntxuav, Hydrothermal Carbonization) pawg (hydrothermal media, pressurized dej kub 20 bar, nrog rau lub hom phiaj ntawm cov dej yog khaws cia nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm cov kua ntawm ib tug kub ntawm 180-260 ° c , lub sij hawm nyob 5-10 feeb), ib tug tshiab them pellet zeb, txias, thiab tom qab ntawd xa mus rau tus neeg siv khoom. Cov dej uas nkag rau hauv nruab nrab ntawm cov khoom ntawm biomass yuav yaj cov ntsev chloride thiab alkali. Raws li qhov tshwm sim, tus nqi ntawm WP kub yog nce, qib ntawm chlorine, dej, thiab cov hmoov tshauv tsawg zuj zus, thiab qhov xwm txheej ntawm WP yog ib qho nyuaj Cov khoom tsw ntxhiab tsw ntxhiab / hluav taws kub

Every Indonesian know that the country has plenty of wood for fuel. Yog li ntawd, Indonesia can be one of the countries with the largest wood pellet industries in the world. This is an opportunity to Indonesians to make money and become rich quickly with the establishment of a wood pellet factory.

Wood pellet Indonesia is needed to reduce emission of greenhouse gas in environment conservation. It’s a cultivation way for wood pallet as main raw material provide for an eco-friendly and renewable energy. Good thing is government realize about about the matter and support plantation like wood pellet Indonesia with more funding. It’s become the good business plan to potential private investors who have problem facing this business. Anyway, good luck to choose the best wood pellets indonesia company.

Also Read:

How are Wood Pellets Made?

Pellet Production Profit Analysis

How to Start Pellet Making Business Successfully 2022?

Types of Pellet Machines and Their Pros and Cons

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