cattle feed pellet making guide

Cattle Feed Pellet Making | The Ultimate FAQ Guide

Are you struggling with ensuring proper feeding for your cattle?

The cattle feed pellet machine has improved the cattle-feeding process to a great extent. It has a compact design and pelletized formation that ensures providing the nutrients in a balanced way. Its outstanding benefits make it a reliable option for the farmers to feed the cattle. 

Tcpel is the leading Cattle feed pellet machine manufacturer nowadays. Do you want to know more about cattle feeding through a cattle feed pellet machine? You will get detailed information through this FAQ guide. 

Table of Content

What Is Cattle Feed Pellet?

Cattle feed pellet is a combinational feed. It is composed of versatile nutrients. But, it keeps the physical properties of the ingredients intact. 

It lessens the wastage of feed and the segregation of nutrients. Besides, It is easy to digest and palate. Moreover, cattle feed pellets offer convenient storage. That’s why it is supremely used in dairy farms.  


What Are The Raw Materials For Making Cattle Feed Pellets?

Cattle feed pellets are made of effective raw materials. These micro-ingredients play a significant role in preparing a balanced diet for the cow. 

The raw materials of these feed pellets cover a large spectrum. The notable materials of cattle feed pellets are 

● Barley

● Bran

● Cereals

● Soybean

● Corn fiber

● Grass

● Wheat

● Molasses and Carob-bean as appetizers

This effective feed pellet also contains minerals and vitamins. It improves gelatinization to a certain level that enables the cow to ensure proper utilization of nutrients. 

Its raw materials also promote the cattle’s physical growth in different stages. So, raw materials are highly crucial factors for making cattle feed pellets through cattle feed pellet machines.  

cattle feed pellets materials

What Is The Cattle Feed Pellet Formula?

Cattle feed pellets are a practical solution for the cow’s diet problems. It is effective for cattle’s rapid growth. Usually, farmers prefer it to conventional feed for dairy cattle, calf, beef cattle, etc.  

Beef Cattle Feed

Beef cattle require additional protein in their daily feed. It is effective for gaining sufficient weight and fulfilling the demand for meat. Here, a standard but useful formula for beef cattle feed is given for your convenience. 


Ingredients w/%

  1. Soybean cake 43
  2. Corn 35
  3. Sorghum 25
  4. Barley 12
  5. Wheat bran 11
  6. Molasses 5
  7. Calcium 1,5
  8. Alfalfa 3
  9. Vitamin 0,1

Besides, you can add green hay degrease tikitiki, salt, and minerals to the beef cattle feed pellet. Pellet machine for cattle feed doesn’t make these ingredients disparate. So, beef cattle can receive the optimum nutrients while feeding by using a cattle feed pellet machine. 


Dairy Cattle Feed

Farmers feed the dairy cattle generally for milk. That’s why it is important to ensure the presence of ingredients in this feed pellet formula that promote milk quality. 

Ingredients w/%

  1. Corn silage 32
  2. Wheat bran 17
  3. Corn 10
  4. Grass hay 9,5
  5. Sorghum 7,5
  6. Soybean cake 4,5
  7. Calcium 3,5-4,0
  8. Oyster shell meal 0,5
  9. Soybean carb residue 15


This formulation contains the required nutrients, and it is adequate for having more than 16 Kg milk from dairy cattle.  

Calf Feed

You need to give extra attention while preparing the formula for calf feed pellets. This formulation should have such ingredients that improve the growth rate of calves to a large extent. 

Ingredients w/%

  1. Soybean cake 45
  2. Corn 20
  3. Sorghum 17
  4. Wheat bran 15
  5. Oyster shell meal 1,8
  6. Salt 1,2


This formula can ensure around 600g daily weight gain of calves. That means the weight of these calves will be 260-300 kg after one year. Don’t you think this is outstanding? 

To get the vest formulation of cattle feed pellets, contact us immediately. We provide the most effective ingredients concerning the cattle’s age, growth, and, most importantly, cattle pellet machine. 

What Are The Cattle Feed Pellets Specifications?

Cattle feed pellets are the most reliable solution for the feeding issues of cows. These feeds render better nutritional advantages compared to traditional diets. Outstanding specifications make these feed pellets compatible with all kinds of cows concerning their age, size, growth, etc.  

The most notable specifications of cattle feed pellets include-

  • A high durability
  • Variation in formulation, based on the types of cattle. 
  • Long run time. 
  • Convenient maintenance. 
  • Cost-effective ingredients. 
  • Wide range of temperatures. 
  • Sufficient percentage of protein, fiber, fat, moisture, vitamin, and minerals. 
  • Cattle feed pellets are easy to process in cattle feed pellet machines.  
  • The pellet quality factors for ingredients are impressive. 
  • Feed pellets can be fed concerning the growth rate and milk production.  


How to Make Cattle Feed Pellets?

Farmers supremely prefer cattle feed pellets for the cattle. The demand for these feeds is increasing by maintaining an upward slope day by day.   

The success rate of cattle feed pellet production depends on several factors. First, you must ensure proper raw materials and a cattle feed pellet machine. 

After gathering the raw materials and pellet machine cow, you can go for the production process. 

The entire process is a combination of several segments. It is important to pay great attention to each step to achieve the maximum efficiency of the cattle feed pellet machine.  

Step 1: Preparation Of Raw Materials 

First, the cattle pellet machine receives the raw materials. The most used raw materials are soybean, corn, wheat, grass, etc.   

You should feed 1 kg pellet feed for the body maintenance of the cow. But, it will be changed to 1.25 kg/day in the case of buffalo. So, you need to prepare the raw materials concerning the cattle. 

Step 2: Grinding

It involves transforming the ingredient’s formation. In this stage, a cattle pellet grinding machine converts the ingredients to powder form. Grinding is an effective way to enhance the ingredient’s surface area. 

Cattle feed pellet ingredients with a wider surface area are worthwhile for improving digestion. It also reduces the rate of segregation of these raw materials. That means grinding promotes the quality of cattle feed pellets.   


Step 3: Batching

Batching deals with separating the raw materials concerning the desired cattle feed pellet formula. It is a crucial part of making cattle feed pellets by using a pellet machine cow. Proper execution of this step ensures a uniform diet for your cattle that results in higher cattle performance. 

Step 4: Mixing 

Here, a pellet feed mill for the cattle mixes the whole powdered raw materials. Proper mixing is important for achieving uniformity in the diet. Here, mainly fatty ingredients are mixed with the raw materials. 

This mixing acts in promoting nutritional value. It significantly affects the feed pellet’s quality. Most noteworthy, flawless mixing improves the entire making process to a large extent.   

Step 5: Converting Feed To Pellet

In this segment, mash feed is transferred to the feeder from the storage bin. Then, It is moved to the conditioner zone. Here, the mash feed and saturated steam are mixed. 

After the completion of this mixing successfully, you need to feed the cattle feed pellet machine. In this stage, the feeding rate is extremely crucial for the optimum functionality of the pellet machine cow. 

You need to maintain a controlled feeding rate in a cattle feed pellet machine. The cattle feed pellet can be digested easily due to this pelletizing. Moreover, the palatability is promoted to a certain level after completing the pelletization. 

That’s why you should pay supreme attention while converting cattle feed to pellet form. 

Step 6: Temperature Reduction

Excessive heat causes serious damage to cattle feeds pellets along with the pellet machine cow. For example, high heat promotes lump formation. Besides, it decreases the feed quality to a certain limit. So, you need to apply a reliable cooling mechanism after pelletizing. 

The feed pellets, which are greatly stressed, remain at very high thermal states. It lessens the temperature by inducing cool air drafts. This mechanism brings down the temperature near room temperature.   

Step 7: Screening Of Pellets

The screening process refers to separating the usable pellets from the ill-shaped, powdered pellets. It is a vital part of manufacturing cattle feed pellets. Here, an elevator shifts the pellets with low temperature to the pellet sieve. 

There, the separation between good and bad pellets takes place. When you can alienate the better pellets and collect them in a bin, the other pellets need to be sent to the cattle pellet machine. 

There, these crumpled feed pellets will go through pelletizing once again. Screening plays a vital role in maintaining the highest standard of the cattle feed pellet. 

The pellets, which are not ideal in shape or mixed properly, hamper the uniform nature of the diet made by the pellet machine cow. 

Step 8: Packaging

It is the last segment of the cattle feed pellet making process. It is normally packing the ideal pellets in a packet or bag. Choosing the best bag for these feeds is an important issue. You need to use a bag that is suitable for carrying and long-lasting. 

The cattle feed pellet manufacturer needs to ensure a proper storage system for the feed. Otherwise, you don’t achieve the desired result from these pellets. 

That means the cattle don’t get sufficient nutrition and a healthy diet if the storage system becomes compromised. 

This is the core process of manufacturing an effective cattle feed pellet for your dairy cattle or beef cattle. As all the parts are correlated to others, you need to ensure the best effectiveness in each step. Then, you can manage a healthy diet for the cattle through a cattle feed pellet machine. 


What Are The Required Equipment For Making Cattle Feed Pellets?

You need some additional equipment along with the feed pellet mill that makes this feed pellet-making process successful. We are here to inform you of some required equipment for making the most effective cattle feed pellet. 

Storage Tank 

Tank is necessary for storing raw materials. Besides, you can keep additional materials in this tank. You have an opportunity to use a container instead of a tank for this purpose. 

Feed Hammer Mill Machine

This machine is used in the grinding stage of cattle feed pellet manufacturing. Raw materials don’t have the ideal size for cattle feed pellets. This machine is a good solution to perform this transformation. Feed hammer mill machines are in versatile types concerning their sizes and shapes. 

You need to choose an appropriate grinder machine based on your requirement.   


Feed Pellet Mixer

It swiftly blends the powdered materials. This mixer ensures the uniform characteristics of the cattle feed pellet. It also improves the quality of nutrients through standard mixing.  

Feed Pellet Mill

This is the principal machinery for manufacturing cattle feed pellets. There are two types of cattle pellet mills found in the market. 

  • Ring Die Feed Pellet Mill: This type of machinery is appropriate for factories.  
  • Flat Die Feed Pellet Mill: This type of machine is used in domestic areas. 

 The following factors need to keep in mind before choosing the perfect feed pellet machine. Such as:


Electric motors are a good choice for running pellet machines. As electricity is used almost everywhere and there is no need to use oil, you can rely on electric motors. You can also use diesel engine-driven motors in some cases as per your demand. 


Cost is a vital issue for cattle feed pellet machines. Usually, cattle feed pellet machine prices are not beyond your reach. The cost of a flat die cattle feed pellet machine varies concerning its specifications. 

It can vary in the case of ring die machines. But, cattle feed pellet machine cost performance is undoubtedly effective for the manufacturers and consumers both. 

Operating Temperature 

This is another important factor. As high temperatures are not suitable for cattle feed pellets, you should consider a machine that has great control over thermal issues. 

Run Time 

You need to consider the run time along with the cattle feed pellet machine price. It is required to choose a feed pellet mill that offers longer operating hours. 

Except for these, feed pellet cooler, screening machinery, packaging machine, etc., are used in different segments of making cattle feed pellets.   


Pellet machine for cattle feed makes high-quality nutrients with supreme reliability. Cattle feed pellet machine cost-performance makes it a trustworthy choice for the farmers to make feed pellets. Its operation is not so complicated. 

Tcpel supplies numerous necessary equipment along with a competitive cattle feed pellet machine price. Contact us immediately to experience the best cattle feed pellets for your farms.  

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